Jainism is fundamentally a religion of ecology and has turned ecology into a religion. The underlying philosophy of jainism is that renunciation of worldly desires and selfconquest leads to perfect wisdom. Karakandu, a pratyekabuddha in both jainism and buddhism, is a rare personality that is shared between jainism and buddhism. This faith believes in total abstinence and asceticism as practiced by the jinas and the tirthankars crossingmakers. The holy book of jainism is a collection of texts known as agam literature or the agam sutras. Jain philosophy is the oldest philosophy of india that distinguishes body matter from the soul consciousness completely. Jaina canon, the sacred texts of jainism, a religion of india, whose. Few people follow more than one religion at a time. The jinas are considered more respectable than the gods. Philosophy 31, basic philosophy, divine laws, primary beliefs, jiva, ajiva, asrava, bandha, samvara, nirjara, moksh, ethics, metaphysics, jainism. This is a complete e book of on the indian sect of the jainas, by johann georg buhler. Unlike most common monotheistic religions, jainism does not have one holy book that characterizes their faith. Jainism lays heavy emphasis on nonviolence ahimsa and the believers of this religion, whether a monk or a householder, follow a very strict, well disciplined life.
Jainism, one of the three religions developed in india, practices asceticism and a strict nonviolence to all living things called ahimsa as part of their lifelong attempt to purify the soul of. Professor parikh explains jainism and links it to the newly emerging universal spirituality. Faith and philosophy is the journal of the society of christian philosophers. Jainism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Shah jain study center of north carolina raleigh 401 farmstead drive, cary nc 275115631 9194690956 and fax.
We have certain scriptures which are considered as very sacred. Buddhism is 600bc and certainly post vedic but jainism is pre vedic and. Along with hinduism and buddhism, jainism is one of the three most ancient indian. Jain philosophy is the oldest indian philosophy that separates body matter from the soul consciousness completely. Jainism is an eastern religion with origins in the indus river valley dating back to 3000 b. In jainism, one definite path to attain liberation moksha is prescribed. The teachings of the twenty four tirthankaras were first composed in fourteen purvas and later in twelve angpravishthaagams an ang being a limb by ganadhars themselves. It attempts to explain the rationale of being and existence, the nature of the universe and its constituents, the nature of souls bondage with body and the means to achieve. Followers of jainism are called jains, and there are about 4 million worldwide. The largest religions are christianity, islam, hinduism, buddhism. The holy book of jainism is known as the kalpa sutra or sutras. In vedic philosophy or sanatana dharma, salvation is giving up the sense of being a doer and realizing self to be the same as universe and god. Religion and culture of the jains by jyoti prasad jain 1983, bharatiya jnanpith will provide an orderly and clear exposition of jainism as a philosophy and way of life, jain history, and the jains as.
Jainism, indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence ahimsa, literally noninjury to all living creatures overview. In jainism, the way of liberation is the ford tirtha, and tirthankaras those making the ford from samsara to moksha are supreme teachers. Faith and philosophy of jainism by arun kumar jain. It attempts to explain the rationale of being and existence, the nature of the universe and its constituents, the nature of souls. Hinduism is an indian religion and dharma, or way of life, widely practiced in the indian subcontinent and parts of southeast asia.
As a matter of fact, the standard of philosophy, which the arhat religion commands, is clearly manifested, albeit some changes, in the vedas, upanishads, mahabharat and the puranas. Faith and philosophy of jainism book by arun kumar jain best. Jains see these texts, which are the transcriptions of lord mahavirs sermons, as sacred documents. The largest religions are christianity, islam, hinduism, buddhism, taoism, sikhism, judaism and jainism. As one of the worlds major religions, jainism has today a very long history of a splendid tradition, with a welldefined philosophy and code of ethics. Jainism is an indian religion that emphasizes complete nonviolence and asceticism. Introduction to jainism, theory of karma, the six dravyas and more. Other words that are used for religion are faith and belief system. Hindus value many sacred writings as opposed to one holy book. In particular, long is concerned to explore what the jain philosophical doctrines of relativity can. The most often cited book of the jains is the tattvartha sutra book of reality thought to date from the second millennium bce, but only recorded in written form in the 5th century ce by umasvati, and it is at that point that jainism splintered into the two main sects. The jains the library of religious beliefs and practices. Jainism believe that twentyfour tirthankars are born during each descending and ascending part of the time cycle in this region bharat kshetra of the universe. Jainism is one of the most ancient religions that originated in eastern india and it was founded around the 6th century.
The holy teachers are called the jina, and they are the epitome of teaching for all jains, especially the jina mahavira. These texts are the holy scriptures of the jain religion. Shvetambara monks are allowed to retain a few possessions such as a robe, an alms bowl, a whisk broom, and a mukhavastrika a piece of cloth held over the mouth to protect against the ingestion of small insects, which are presented by a senior monk at the time of initiation. Lord mahavir, popularly regarded as the founder of jainism, was the last of the tirthankars who flourished from 599 to 527 b. The true insight in jain philosophy is considered as faith in the tattvas. John cort, professor of asian and comparative religions, denison university, and author of jains in the world. History the ancientness of jainism, origin, early history, medieval history, modem history, references 3. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as sanatana dharma, the eternal tradition, or the eternal way, beyond human history.
The book will also be a fine choice for undergraduate students in a variety of fields, including religious studies, south asian studies, the history of religion and comparative philosophy. Thus the influence of sramanic culture, on the aryans is unquestionable. Jainism dont have any specific holy book like the bhagavad geeta,the quran or the bible. Jainism religion bhagwan mahavir jain symbol belief. Popular jainism books meet your next favorite book. Furthermore, the earliest buddhist texts discuss jainism in some detail. Jainism is a religion originally from india that teaches that all the events in the universe are selfcaused, random, fixed and are independent of previous events or external causes or god. They continue to work at integrating their philosophy of nonviolence into the daily life of india. Along with hinduism and buddhism, jainism is one of the three most ancient indian religious traditions still in existence and an.
While it is true that in jainism, the moral and religious injunctions were laid. Jainism is an eastern religion with origins in the indus river valley. Jain worship the motive and purpose of jain worship is very different from worship in many other religions in fact it would seem that jain principles. Jainism jainism ritual practices and religious institutions. The tradition presented in the materials below is one of the.
Buy faith and philosophy of jainism book online at low prices in. Sep 14, 2009 jain worship the motive and purpose of jain worship is very different from worship in many other religions in fact it would seem that jain principles make worship both unnecessary and futile. This book explores the ways in which the ecologically centred indian philosophy of jainism could introduce a new and nonwestern methodology to environmental politics, with the potential to help the green movement find new audiences and a new voice. The primary sacred texts, known as the vedas, were composed around 1500 b. Because of the insistence on rationality in the jain tradition, jains are always ready and willing to look positively and with enthusiasm upon environmental causes. The seven or nine tattvas or fundamentals are the single most important subject of jain. The fact that were dealing with sanskrit, also the language of hinduism, should alert you to the fact that were talking about a holiday and a religionphilosophy arising out of india. Shvetambara monks are allowed to retain a few possessions such as a robe, an alms bowl, a whisk broom, and a mukhavastrika a piece of cloth held over the mouth to protect against the ingestion of.
The teachings of the twenty four tirthankaras were first composed in fourteen purvas and later in twelve ang. A searching comparison of the faiths of east and west hinduism, jainism, buddhism, vedantism, yoga, taoism, confucianism, shintoism, judaism, christianity, islam, humanism by bahm, archie j. Instead they have a collection of holy writings and scriptures. Jainism and buddhism as religion philosophy optional. Jainism, indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence ahimsa, literally noninjury to all living creatures. But jainism is different than buddhism in its ascetic beliefs. In fact, the householders are supposed to evolve to the monkhood in the later stages of life as was the case with the hinduism in the vedic era. Philosophical inquiry is a central element in the intellectual history of. Shri arun kumar jain, by the name suggests that he is a jain, knows nothing of jainism when he says that jainism and buddhism are post vedic, starting in the later vedic period as he puts it to 600bc. The following list of books incorporates a number of salient points of view, and they would be especially good for those not raised as jains. Jain texts such as acaranga sutra and tattvarthasutra state that one must. In most of religions, there is one or more main scripture books. The jains have 5 great vows by which they try to live their lives. It is provided openaccess by the scp so that the best of contemporary christian philosophy and philosophy of religion is available to all.
The texts containing the teachings of mahavira are called the agamas, and are the canonical literature the scriptures of svetambara jainism mahaviras disciples compiled his. Altogether, followers of religion can be known as believers, or the faithful. The faith is named for the jinas, spiritual conquerors who have achieved liberation and perfection. Jainism traditionally known as jain dharma, is an ancient indian religion. The religious scripture of the jains are known as agama. So he could be called a reformer of the jain religion or rejunevator of the faith which was already and had a long tradition. Jainism strives for the realization of the highest perfection of the soul, which in its original purity is free from all pain, suffering, and the bondage of the cycle of birth and death. The jain literature which was complied by ganadharas and srutkevlis is known as agam literature. Jainism is a religion originally from india that teaches that all the events in the universe are selfcaused, random, fixed and are independent of previous events or external.
Jainism, religion of india concentrated largely in gujarat and rajasthan, in parts of mumbai formerly bombay, and in the state of karnataka mysore, as well as in the larger cities of the indian peninsula. Jainism is deeply philosophical and a very scientific religion. Religion simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tatia has here given us a firstrate advanced level study of jaina philosophy. The spiritual goal in jainism is to reach moksha for ascetics, but for most jain laypersons it is to accumulate good karma that leads to better rebirth and a step closer to liberation. The philosophy and practice relies primarily on selfeffort in moving the soul up the spiritual ladder.
Mar 17, 2015 jainism is an indian religion that emphasizes complete nonviolence and asceticism. Agams are the jain texts which are based on the discourse. See more ideas about taoism, religion and tao te ching. Followers of jainism are called jains, and there are about 4 million. So, mahavir janma kalyanak is a celebration honoring the birth of the holy mahavira. The new tirthankar revives the same jain philosophy.
This is a complete ebook of on the indian sect of the jainas, by johann georg buhler. Jainism introduction yale forum on religion and ecology. The crossing refers to the passage from the material to the spiritual realm, from bondage to freedom. Jain texts expound that in every halfcycle of time, twentyfour tirthankaras. Philosophy basic philosophy, divine laws, primary beliefs, jiva, ajiva, asrava. Jainism you should read enough of the materials presented in this section concerning the tradition of jainism in order to understand how this tradition displays the characteristics or elements that make a tradition one that would be termed a religion. Jain philosophy deals with reality, cosmology, epistemology study of knowledge and vitalism. The texts had to be memorised since jain monks and nuns were not allowed to possess religious books as part of their vow of nonacquisition. Buddhism and jainism evince a shared belief in the existence of geographical regions beyond the parameters of bharatavarsha, access to which could not be gained by ordinary human beings. The word jain is taken from the word jina, which means getting victory over thy self and the peripheral world.
Same concept is found in buddhism which says that through enlightenment bodhi an individual crosses the. Jainism emerged in 6thcentury bce india, the same time buddhism was developing. In jainism, salvation can be achieved only through selfeffort and is considered to be the right of human beings. Generally a tirthankara is born when the religion is at its depression state.
Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata, and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation, etc. Scholars regard hinduism as a fusion or synthesis 9 note 4. Neither of these religions their religious philosophy around worship. Jain philosophy is the oldest indian philosophy that separates body matter from the soul. This book explores the ways in which the ecologically centred indian philosophy of jainism could introduce a new and nonwestern methodology to environmental politics, with the potential to. The agam sutras show great reverence for all forms of life and strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism, nonviolence, and opposition to war.1133 1178 889 812 227 990 259 535 134 1524 1410 1168 420 133 1584 867 391 1198 1223 1118 761 175 1022 215 1278 482 676 4 701 1359